The sun goddess.
An early form of long arm that uses a matchlock firing mechanism to propel the charge; a precursor to the musket.
Conscripted peasant soldiers that were the mainstay of many clan armies; far beneath samurai in rank, they eventually became a feudal class of their own: professional soldiers.
The art of horse skills and fighting on horseback.
An inveterate gambler or someone immersed in the mizu shobai.
A Japanese instrument similar to a lute.
A wooden sword using for training, so a mistake wouldn't result in being cleaved in two.
The official religion of Japan that follows the teachings of Buddha.
Japanese puppet theatre.
Those who practiced impure occupations, such as tanners, undertakers and executioners.
Literally "the way of the warrior"; the samurai code of honour, similar to the western concept of chivalry.
A festival celebrating the fire kami.
A “townsman”, a city-dwelling peasant, often a craftsman or salesman.
A faction consisting of a noble family and its retainers, the powerbase of feudal Japan; equivalent to a faction in previous Total War titles.
The daimyo's chief advisors; equivalent to ministers in previous Total War titles.
The leader of the clan; the faction leader in previous Total War titles.
The two swords of the samurai, katana and wakizashi, when worn together.
Literally the "place of the way", a building where military skills are taught.
A pufferfish that can kill its eater if not prepared correctly.
The wind god.
A festival of appeasement to the wind god.
A foreigner; anyone who isn't Japanese.
A discreet, trusted hostess; a highly-skilled assassin in Total War: Shogun 2.
A Japanese strategy game.
The god of warriors.
A form of poetry that must contain three phrases totalling no more than 17 moras (the stresses of a syllable).
Japanese playing cards used for games such as Karuta.
A cloak worn on the battlefield.
A primitive fire bomb often swung on a chain or rope.
The art of drawing the sword, literally "mental presence and immediate reaction".
The owner of a small rural domain.
A seductive woman.
The art of fighting an armed opponent whilst unarmed.
A drama in the form of dance.
A ronin or vagrant who claims to be a working samurai.
The fire god.
The sword of the samurai.
The art of fighting with a sword.
Fighting or battle.
A fox, often portrayed as a magical spirit.
A martial art from the islands of Ryukyu involving such weapons as nunchaku, staffs and knuckledusters often used by ninja.
A short sword worn by a samurai.
A spirit of the trees.
A unit of currency: the amount of rice required to feed one person for one year.
The sleeves in a suit of Japanese battle armour.
The leader of a Yakuza family; a crime boss.
The capital city of Japan, home to both the shogun and the emperor.
The art of bowmanship and archery, also known as kyudo.
Literally “dancing girl”, an apprentice geisha.
A type of catapult.
Another name for the arquebus.
Literally “brilliant man”, the meijin is a Go champion.
The face mask in a suit of Japanese battle armour.
A secret policeman, skilled in bribery and interrogation techniques; the guardian of loyalty and "correct" behaviour.
Literally the "water trade", referring to drinking and night-life generally.
A clan's symbol that appears on all their flags and banners.
Literally "gate keeper", the head monk at a Buddhist monastery.
Those who dwell upon the glowing orb. Approach with caution.
A pole-arm: a blade mounted on a pole.
The art of fighting with a naginata.
Southern barbarian, the Japanese name for European visitors.
A small, sculpted box hung from robes instead of a pocket, used to store money, tobacco and other personal items.
The shogun's flagship.
An expert in ninjutsu, used to carry out covert subterfuge missions; also known as shinobi in feudal Japan.
The short, straight sword of a ninja.
The art of unconventional warfare, subterfuge and espionage, as practiced by ninja and developed in the province of Iga.
The art of fighting with two swords at the same time.
A two-handed sword.
A female samurai, exclusively a noble woman.
Literally “hot springs”, often meaning bathhouses nearby.
A waitress at an inn.
The great water god.
The goddess of the sea, mountains, and war.
Elaborate Japanese battle armour.
An area of clan territory equivalent to a region in previous Total War titles.
A professional sumo wrestler.
Literally "locked country"; the policy of not allowing foreigners into Japan or any citizens to leave that was enacted during the Edo period, following the Sengoku Jidai.
Samurai – literally “he who serves”; noble warriors, essentially the equivalent of European knights.
A high-ranking sumo wrestler.
Literally "the age of the country at war"; essentially the second half of the 16th century, the time period in which Total War: Shogun 2 is set.
Ritual suicide by disembowelment, literally "cutting the belly"; either voluntarily due to defeat or a slight or shame to an individual or his master's honour, or by order as a form of punishment for samurai who had committed a serious infraction that had caused shame and compromised their honour; also known as hara-kiri.
Another name for the ninjato sword used by ninja.
The indigenous spiritualism of Japan, literally meaning "way of the gods". Pre-dating Buddhism, it is the worship of natural forces: the Kami, or spirits.
A festival celebrating the tides.
A Japanese board game very similar to Chess.
The military dictator of Japan, a man effectively more powerful than the emperor.
The military government, consisting mainly of members of the shogun's clan.
Literally the “hidden sword", otherwise known as a throwing star; used in ninjutsu.
A Buddhist warrior monk.
The art of fighting with a spear.
The cutting exercises used in sword training, usually with a bokken.
The art of wrestling, a popular Japanese sport.
The greaves or shin-guards in a suit of Japanese battle armour.
Raw fish served with rice, rolled together.
Another name for general, generic modern Japanese term for any kind of leader.
A short dagger, often used to commit seppuku.
The keep of a castle. The object of a siege battle is to capture the tenshu.
A gun, specifically the matchlocks and arquebuses used during the Sengoku Jidai.
The gate at the entrance to a Shinto shrine.
A seaborne pirate.
The art of mounted archery.
The "eight-span crow", a great bird whose presence is viewed as indicative of the will of the gods.
The highest possible rank in sumo wrestling.